新闻频道 > 新政风向

Tuba兔兔平台责任问题:“合同陷阱”与“审计问题”。_高鹰生殖中心

来源: 新华社
03:35:04

马光远Tuba兔兔平台责任问题:“合同陷阱”与“审计问题”。

中国国航

    本文转自微信公众号:经济观察报(ID:eeo-com-cn),作者:任航。互联网装修公司卷款“跑路”,导致消费者遭受巨大财产损失,已成为2018年上半年消费者投诉的一大热点。土巴兔之外,整个互联网家装行业的现实状况也正在恶化。一看到土巴兔与用户签订的装修合同,上海众华律师事务所高级合伙人甘国龙称“这就是一个消费陷阱,十分荒谬”。王庆去年9月在网上搜索装修信息时,看到了推送的土巴兔广告:“定期监理”、“资金监管”、“整体两年、防水五年的保障”。在找了两个月装修公司未果后,王庆在土巴兔平台上发布了装修需求。随后,平台依此推荐了3家装修公司,王庆最后与晋燕(北京)建筑装饰工程有限公司签订合作协议,并在手机上签署了《土巴兔装修保服务合同》。合作达成后,王庆的部分装修款作为保障金一次性付给土巴兔平台托管,平台分5次付给装修公司。按平台规定的两个月施工期,2017年11月14日是装修合同的终止日,但直到今年9月份,王庆家没裁胶的窗户依然会被过往邻居指指点点。装修公司当时称要等天气暖和后再做处理,王庆于是在平台上提交了尾款,考虑到工程还没彻底结束,就在平台上给了装修公司好评。然而,天暖后装修公司不仅未履行承诺,房屋的墙面也出现渗水和发霉的现象。王庆4月份开始向平台投诉,至今无人出面解决,评价也不能再做更改。记者通过国家企业信用信息公示系统查询“晋燕(北京)建筑装饰工程有限公司,”显示该公司曾因登记的住所或经营场所无法联系而被列入企业经营异常名录,风险列入时间为2018年6月13日。但该公司至今依然在土巴兔的官网平台上展示着。存在经营风险的装修公司如何能入驻土巴兔平台?王庆向记者出示了当初和土巴兔签署的《土巴兔装修保服务合同》,上边写明“丙方仅审查确定乙方系合法注册成立的经营单位(即具有营业执照),不负责对乙方的其他任何信息进行任何形式的审查。”“丙方不保证其网络平台所提供的装修公司均具备可承接甲方工程的相关资质。”记者联系土巴兔北京负责招商的员工,对方称想入驻平台,他们只审核是否有营业执照和办公地点即可。甘国龙认为,这样的审核机制相当于平台只保证他是一家装修公司,连装修公司的资质和行业中的风评都无法保证,这是十分荒谬的。王庆告诉记者,平台声称的第三方监理到现场之后,只是敲了几下砖就验收结束了,由于后期工程还没有完全竣工,自己只能在验收单上签字,不然装修公司被扣钱后期工程就更加无法进行。其他用户也称,在监理验收通过后,房屋依然出现了很多问题。甘国龙认为,由于合同约定了平台有权代表消费者进行验收,明明存在质量问题,仍然验收通过明显不符合信托原则。平台方与这些装修公司是合作方,他们之间存在利益关系就必然无法具有站在消费者这边的超脱立场。王庆多次向土巴兔平台投诉装修出现的问题,平台每次声称“24小时内回复”,然而王庆只接到过一次回复电话,对方询问是否同意撤销投诉。除此之外,从头至尾无人站出来解决问题。广告中“整体两年、防水五年的保障”更是一句空谈。记者致电与王庆对接的项目负责人,对方称自己手头项目存在问题的已全部解决,目前在土巴兔上自己经手的项目没有一个投诉。但王庆告诉记者,他的投诉至今一直都没有撤销。多次协商无果,王庆仔细看了与土巴兔签订的合同,上边写的“丙方(平台方)不对甲乙双方所签定的装饰装修工程合同的签订及履行承担任何形式的责任,”王庆觉得自己受骗了。甘国龙认为,这些显然是丙方单方面免除自己责任的推卸之词,“这就是一个消费陷阱!”二家住重庆的一位客户通过土巴兔联系的装修公司,因为资金出现问题而破产,后期工程无法继续推进。该客户向土巴兔反映了该问题,平台没有采取任何措施推进或是终止工程。经过5个月的协商后,平台同意将尾款退回,但这位客户须签订免责声明,即平台后续不再负任何责任。工程前期出现的问题和后续带来的损失,该客户都要自行承担。土巴兔的广告中称,平台向装修公司收取一定的保证金,以此作为约束和问题赔付的保证。记者在土巴兔平台上看到,装修公司的保证金额大多在1-10万元。淮北市建筑装饰协会秘书长赵辉认为,这样金额的保证金,一旦工程出现问题,起不了任何作用,装修公司依然会可以“溜之大吉”。在百度搜索里输入“互联网装修公司跑路”,显示有643万个相关结果。尽管并不都是互联网装修公司跑路的案例,但能看出互联网模式下,家装公司跑路的现象不在少数。保证金和第三方监理对装修公司无法形成强有力的约束,在这种情况下,土巴兔推出了一种新模式,进一步弱化了自己在整个装修过程中承担的角色。土巴兔北京负责招商的员工告诉记者,土巴兔对装修公司推出了一种新模式,即会员制。装修公司的入驻不需要缴纳保证金,只需每年6800-16800元的会员费,平台向用户推荐装修公司。该员工称,装修公司可以与用户私下进行交易,平台完全不参与,装修款也不必通过平台进行托管,“这样一来,平台上的信息就不涉及用户的投诉和评价了。”根据北京市住房与城乡建筑委员会颁发的《住宅室内装饰装修管理办法》的要求,承接住宅室内装饰装修工程的装饰装修企业,必须经建设行政主管部门资质审查,取得相应的建筑业企业资质证书,并在其资质等级许可的范围内承揽工程。这意味着仅有营业执照,装修公司依然不具备装修资质。记者通过企查查查询“晋燕(北京)建筑装饰工程有限公司”的资质证书,查询结果为:“截止2018年9月6日,根据国内相关网站检索及天眼查数据库分析,未查询相关信息。”记者就此询问北京市建筑装饰协会,对方称北京的装修公司在资质证书的要求上没有硬性规定,只要有营业执照即可。有的公司因为技术人员、施工人员不具备相应的证书,所以公司的资质证书是办不下来的。但在赵辉看来,平台不把好资质的关是不行的,因为这代表工程施工的技术力量。装修公司的资质问题一直是整个行业的难题。全国工商联家具装饰业商会家装专委会发布的数据显示,具备相应资质的装修公司只占到市场总量的15%。知者家装研究院首席研究官穆峰认为,这是因为国家工商总局对于装修公司的注册并没有资质前置审批的规定,只需提供办公场所即可注册成功,资质的申请门槛较高,对企业资产与人员配置均有较高的要求。装修这个行业规模大但很分散,大部分装企都是规模不大,如果用资质这个门槛去要求,可能市面上大部分公司就无法存在,市场供需会彻底失衡。所以资质问题只能逐步推进,难以一蹴而就。这是否意味着,平台无法对装修公司形成严格的审核?齐家网董事长邓华金近期接受媒体群访时提及,平台需要对装修公司规模、服务人力、口碑以及老板的信用进行严格的审核,然后需要更多制度化的东西来约束。三土巴兔之外,整个互联网家装行业的现实状况也正在恶化。互联网装修公司卷款“跑路”,导致消费者遭受巨大财产损失,已成为2018年上半年消费者投诉的一大热点,另外,今年上半年房屋装修类投诉共5591件,同比增加了114%。这是中国消费者协会发布的上半年全国消协组织受理投诉情况分析里的内容。另外记者获悉,今年以来,一号家居网、苹果装饰、泥巴公社、美得你等,多家互联网家装企业出现整体经营问题,蚂蚁筑宅出现失联状况。外界看来,装修行业原本就是投诉密集的行业,投诉是避免不了的。资质的审核和施工监管在赵辉看来是互联网平台无法解决的短板,土巴兔只能解决推广和营销的部分,消费者的体验是平台无法管控的。伴随着诸多诟病,成立10年的土巴兔向港交所递交了招股说明书,招股说明书显示,土巴兔业务分为线上平台业务和家装承包业务,2018年上半年营收2.7亿元,净亏损为6.36亿元;2017年全年营收8.81亿元,净亏损为11.13亿元。业内资深人士表示,土巴兔盈利一直是一个问题,因为过度依赖于线上平台业务,之前曾尝试过家装承包业务也以失败告终,加上线上获客成本不断走高,同时销售转化率在下降,将此成本捆绑多项赋能产品提高费用,抬高了合作门槛,减少了合作商家数量。另外增值服务涉及到众多细分市场,相应的都有很强的竞争对手。在土巴兔的管理层中,创始人王国彬为公司董事长兼CEO,王国彬弟弟王国春担任公司执行董事,王国彬妻子谢树英担任公司副总裁。这样的家族管理模式在亿欧智库家装产业分析师贾萌看来是整个家居家装行业普遍存在的,这说明这个行业本身就非常传统。近期在IPO前夕,土巴兔近20位高管接连离职的消息被媒体披露,引发外界对土巴兔商业模式和内部管理的质疑。土巴兔招股说明书显示,截至2018年6月30日,土巴兔销售和营销人员占全部员工总数的48.2%,研发人员占比14%。这说明土巴兔很大程度上依赖于基础营销人员的推广,依靠流量变现,贾萌认为,土巴兔一直谋求转型依然甩不开流量贩子的称号,但是如果流量迁移,土巴兔会更难过。在赵辉看来,土巴兔利用自身优势将上下游资源整合,一定程度上提高了效率。但是家装是一个纯人工的行业,互联网无论如何伸不到末端。互联网家装不是流量问题,而要回归到家装本质,落地服务和供应链。上述业内资深人士也表示,装修行业过度依赖手工作业,产品化程度太低,这些事改变不了,平台企业的努力只能是锦上添花。整个行业在穆峰眼里,平台业务确实没有参与到交付过程中去,但一直都在试图更深介入。愿景很美好,但现实很残酷,很多家装公司跑路,资金链断裂,这是供给侧结构性变革的市场行为,因为整个家装行业存在大量的劣质产能和低效产能。这些产能严重影响家装产业链的发展,影响客户的消费体验,也严重制约行业的效能提升。而贾萌认为,平台型企业的手不可能伸那么长,原本装修公司只是看中了土巴兔的流量,如果对装修公司强加约束可能会物极必反。“目前互联网家装企业,都处在试错阶段。”在土巴兔背后,是一个万亿级产值的装饰行业。中国建筑装饰协会发布的《2016年度中国建筑装饰行业发展报告》中指出,我国建筑装修装饰行业完成工程总产值3.66万亿元。距离这一数据已过去两年,艾媒咨询发布的数据显示,预计2018年仅互联网家装市场规模就将达到3441.9亿元,增长率达到28.4%。上述业内资深人士认为,土巴兔等互联网家装企业每个不足10亿的年营收,在整个行业面前能做的改变是十分有限的。记者就上述客户投诉以及经营管理等问题向土巴兔官方求证,记者按对方要求将采访提纲发过去,截至发稿,对方未给予相应的回复。赵辉认为,整个行业中上级政府部门重视程度不够,监管人才缺失,对家装行业出台的政策很少,即使有也是大而化之,问题出现后难以进行有效的问责。穆峰也认为,这个行业缺乏行之有效的标准,更多是在靠责任和良心做事。负责任的平台会处理客户投诉,并督促装修公司落实;但对于双方之间各自都有理的扯皮,也只能协调。本文转自微信公众号:经济观察报(ID:eeo-com-cn),作者:任航。

ben wen zhuan zi wei xin gong zhong hao: jing ji guan cha bao ID: eeocomcn, zuo zhe: ren hang. hu lian wang zhuang xiu gong si juan kuan" pao lu", dao zhi xiao fei zhe zao shou ju da cai chan sun shi, yi cheng wei 2018 nian shang ban nian xiao fei zhe tou su de yi da re dian. tu ba tu zhi wai, zheng ge hu lian wang jia zhuang hang ye de xian shi zhuang kuang ye zheng zai e hua. yi kan dao tu ba tu yu yong hu qian ding de zhuang xiu he tong, shang hai zhong hua lv shi shi wu suo gao ji he huo ren gan guo long cheng" zhe jiu shi yi ge xiao fei xian jing, shi fen huang miu". wang qing qu nian 9 yue zai wang shang sou suo zhuang xiu xin xi shi, kan dao le tui song de tu ba tu guang gao:" ding qi jian li"" zi jin jian guan"" zheng ti liang nian fang shui wu nian de bao zhang". zai zhao le liang ge yue zhuang xiu gong si wei guo hou, wang qing zai tu ba tu ping tai shang fa bu le zhuang xiu xu qiu. sui hou, ping tai yi ci tui jian le 3 jia zhuang xiu gong si, wang qing zui hou yu jin yan bei jing jian zhu zhuang shi gong cheng you xian gong si qian ding he zuo xie yi, bing zai shou ji shang qian shu le tu ba tu zhuang xiu bao fu wu he tong. he zuo da cheng hou, wang qing de bu fen zhuang xiu kuan zuo wei bao zhang jin yi ci xing fu gei tu ba tu ping tai tuo guan, ping tai fen 5 ci fu gei zhuang xiu gong si. an ping tai gui ding de liang ge yue shi gong qi, 2017 nian 11 yue 14 ri shi zhuang xiu he tong de zhong zhi ri, dan zhi dao jin nian 9 yue fen, wang qing jia mei cai jiao de chuang hu yi ran hui bei guo wang lin ju zhi zhi dian dian. zhuang xiu gong si dang shi cheng yao deng tian qi nuan huo hou zai zuo chu li, wang qing yu shi zai ping tai shang ti jiao le wei kuan, kao lv dao gong cheng hai mei che di jie shu, jiu zai ping tai shang gei le zhuang xiu gong si hao ping. ran er, tian nuan hou zhuang xiu gong si bu jin wei lv xing cheng nuo, fang wu de qiang mian ye chu xian shen shui he fa mei de xian xiang. wang qing 4 yue fen kai shi xiang ping tai tou su, zhi jin wu ren chu mian jie jue, ping jia ye bu neng zai zuo geng gai. ji zhe tong guo guo jia qi ye xin yong xin xi gong shi xi tong cha xun" jin yan bei jing jian zhu zhuang shi gong cheng you xian gong si," xian shi gai gong si ceng yin deng ji de zhu suo huo jing ying chang suo wu fa lian xi er bei lie ru qi ye jing ying yi chang ming lu, feng xian lie ru shi jian wei 2018 nian 6 yue 13 ri. dan gai gong si zhi jin yi ran zai tu ba tu de guan wang ping tai shang zhan shi zhe. cun zai jing ying feng xian de zhuang xiu gong si ru he neng ru zhu tu ba tu ping tai? wang qing xiang ji zhe chu shi liao dang chu he tu ba tu qian shu de tu ba tu zhuang xiu bao fu wu he tong, shang bian xie ming" bing fang jin shen zha que ding yi fang xi he fa zhu ce cheng li de jing ying dan wei ji ju you ying ye zhi zhao, bu fu ze dui yi fang de qi ta ren he xin xi jin xing ren he xing shi de shen zha."" bing fang bu bao zheng qi wang luo ping tai suo ti gong de zhuang xiu gong si jun ju bei ke cheng jie jia fang gong cheng de xiang guan zi zhi." ji zhe lian xi tu ba tu bei jing fu ze zhao shang de yuan gong, dui fang cheng xiang ru zhu ping tai, ta men zhi shen he shi fou you ying ye zhi zhao he ban gong di dian ji ke. gan guo long ren wei, zhe yang de shen he ji zhi xiang dang yu ping tai zhi bao zheng ta shi yi jia zhuang xiu gong si, lian zhuang xiu gong si de zi zhi he hang ye zhong de feng ping dou wu fa bao zheng, zhe shi shi fen huang miu de. wang qing gao su ji zhe, ping tai sheng cheng de di san fang jian li dao xian chang zhi hou, zhi shi qiao le ji xia zhuan jiu yan shou jie shu le, you yu hou qi gong cheng hai mei you wan quan jun gong, zi ji zhi neng zai yan shou dan shang qian zi, bu ran zhuang xiu gong si bei kou qian hou qi gong cheng jiu geng jia wu fa jin xing. qi ta yong hu ye cheng, zai jian li yan shou tong guo hou, fang wu yi ran chu xian le hen duo wen ti. gan guo long ren wei, you yu he tong yue ding le ping tai you quan dai biao xiao fei zhe jin xing yan shou, ming ming cun zai zhi liang wen ti, reng ran yan shou tong guo ming xian bu fu he xin tuo yuan ze. ping tai fang yu zhei xie zhuang xiu gong si shi he zuo fang, ta men zhi jian cun zai li yi guan xi jiu bi ran wu fa ju you zhan zai xiao fei zhe zhe bian de chao tuo li chang. wang qing duo ci xiang tu ba tu ping tai tou su zhuang xiu chu xian de wen ti, ping tai mei ci sheng cheng" 24 xiao shi nei hui fu", ran er wang qing zhi jie dao guo yi ci hui fu dian hua, dui fang xun wen shi fou tong yi che xiao tou su. chu ci zhi wai, cong tou zhi wei wu ren zhan chu lai jie jue wen ti. guang gao zhong" zheng ti liang nian fang shui wu nian de bao zhang" geng shi yi ju kong tan. ji zhe zhi dian yu wang qing dui jie de xiang mu fu ze ren, dui fang cheng zi ji shou tou xiang mu cun zai wen ti de yi quan bu jie jue, mu qian zai tu ba tu shang zi ji jing shou de xiang mu mei you yi ge tou su. dan wang qing gao su ji zhe, ta de tou su zhi jin yi zhi dou mei you che xiao. duo ci xie shang wu guo, wang qing zi xi kan le yu tu ba tu qian ding de he tong, shang bian xie de" bing fang ping tai fang bu dui jia yi shuang fang suo qian ding de zhuang shi zhuang xiu gong cheng he tong de qian ding ji lv xing cheng dan ren he xing shi de ze ren," wang qing jue de zi ji shou pian le. gan guo long ren wei, zhei xie xian ran shi bing fang dan fang mian mian chu zi ji ze ren de tui xie zhi ci," zhe jiu shi yi ge xiao fei xian jing!" er jia zhu chong qing de yi wei ke hu tong guo tu ba tu lian xi de zhuang xiu gong si, yin wei zi jin chu xian wen ti er po chan, hou qi gong cheng wu fa ji xu tui jin. gai ke hu xiang tu ba tu fan ying le gai wen ti, ping tai mei you cai qu ren he cuo shi tui jin huo shi zhong zhi gong cheng. jing guo 5 ge yue de xie shang hou, ping tai tong yi jiang wei kuan tui hui, dan zhe wei ke hu xu qian ding mian ze sheng ming, ji ping tai hou xu bu zai fu ren he ze ren. gong cheng qian qi chu xian de wen ti he hou xu dai lai de sun shi, gai ke hu dou yao zi xing cheng dan. tu ba tu de guang gao zhong cheng, ping tai xiang zhuang xiu gong si shou qu yi ding de bao zheng jin, yi ci zuo wei yue shu he wen ti pei fu de bao zheng. ji zhe zai tu ba tu ping tai shang kan dao, zhuang xiu gong si de bao zheng jin e da duo zai 110 wan yuan. huai bei shi jian zhu zhuang shi xie hui mi shu zhang zhao hui ren wei, zhe yang jin e de bao zheng jin, yi dan gong cheng chu xian wen ti, qi bu liao ren he zuo yong, zhuang xiu gong si yi ran hui ke yi" liu zhi da ji". zai bai du sou suo li shu ru" hu lian wang zhuang xiu gong si pao lu", xian shi you 643 wan ge xiang guan jie guo. jin guan bing bu dou shi hu lian wang zhuang xiu gong si pao lu de an li, dan neng kan chu hu lian wang mo shi xia, jia zhuang gong si pao lu de xian xiang bu zai shao shu. bao zheng jin he di san fang jian li dui zhuang xiu gong si wu fa xing cheng qiang you li de yue shu, zai zhe zhong qing kuang xia, tu ba tu tui chu le yi zhong xin mo shi, jin yi bu ruo hua le zi ji zai zheng ge zhuang xiu guo cheng zhong cheng dan de jue se. tu ba tu bei jing fu ze zhao shang de yuan gong gao su ji zhe, tu ba tu dui zhuang xiu gong si tui chu le yi zhong xin mo shi, ji hui yuan zhi. zhuang xiu gong si de ru zhu bu xu yao jiao na bao zheng jin, zhi xu mei nian 680016800 yuan de hui yuan fei, ping tai xiang yong hu tui jian zhuang xiu gong si. gai yuan gong cheng, zhuang xiu gong si ke yi yu yong hu si xia jin xing jiao yi, ping tai wan quan bu can yu, zhuang xiu kuan ye bu bi tong guo ping tai jin xing tuo guan," zhe yang yi lai, ping tai shang de xin xi jiu bu she ji yong hu de tou su he ping jia le." gen ju bei jing shi zhu fang yu cheng xiang jian zhu wei yuan hui ban fa de zhu zhai shi nei zhuang shi zhuang xiu guan li ban fa de yao qiu, cheng jie zhu zhai shi nei zhuang shi zhuang xiu gong cheng de zhuang shi zhuang xiu qi ye, bi xu jing jian she xing zheng zhu guan bu men zi zhi shen zha, qu de xiang ying de jian zhu ye qi ye zi zhi zheng shu, bing zai qi zi zhi deng ji xu ke de fan wei nei cheng lan gong cheng. zhe yi wei zhe jin you ying ye zhi zhao, zhuang xiu gong si yi ran bu ju bei zhuang xiu zi zhi. ji zhe tong guo qi zha zha cha xun" jin yan bei jing jian zhu zhuang shi gong cheng you xian gong si" de zi zhi zheng shu, cha xun jie guo wei:" jie zhi 2018 nian 9 yue 6 ri, gen ju guo nei xiang guan wang zhan jian suo ji tian yan zha shu ju ku fen xi, wei cha xun xiang guan xin xi." ji zhe jiu ci xun wen bei jing shi jian zhu zhuang shi xie hui, dui fang cheng bei jing de zhuang xiu gong si zai zi zhi zheng shu de yao qiu shang mei you ying xing gui ding, zhi yao you ying ye zhi zhao ji ke. you de gong si yin wei ji shu ren yuan shi gong ren yuan bu ju bei xiang ying di zheng shu, suo yi gong si de zi zhi zheng shu shi ban bu xia lai de. dan zai zhao hui kan lai, ping tai bu ba hao zi zhi di guan shi bu xing de, yin wei zhe dai biao gong cheng shi gong de ji shu li liang. zhuang xiu gong si de zi zhi wen ti yi zhi shi zheng ge hang ye de nan ti. quan guo gong shang lian jia ju zhuang shi ye shang hui jia zhuang zhuan wei hui fa bu de shu ju xian shi, ju bei xiang ying zi zhi di zhuang xiu gong si zhi zhan dao shi chang zong liang de 15. zhi zhe jia zhuang yan jiu yuan shou xi yan jiu guan mu feng ren wei, zhe shi yin wei guo jia gong shang zong ju dui yu zhuang xiu gong si de zhu ce bing mei you zi zhi qian zhi shen pi de gui ding, zhi xu ti gong ban gong chang suo ji ke zhu ce cheng gong, zi zhi di shen qing men kan jiao gao, dui qi ye zi chan yu ren yuan pei zhi jun you jiao gao de yao qiu. zhuang xiu zhe ge hang ye gui mo da dan hen fen san, da bu fen zhuang qi dou shi gui mo bu da, ru guo yong zi zhi zhe ge men kan qu yao qiu, ke neng shi mian shang da bu fen gong si jiu wu fa cun zai, shi chang gong xu hui che di shi heng. suo yi zi zhi wen ti zhi neng zhu bu tui jin, nan yi yi cu er jiu. zhe shi fou yi wei zhe, ping tai wu fa dui zhuang xiu gong si xing cheng yan ge de shen he? qi jia wang dong shi zhang deng hua jin jin qi jie shou mei ti qun fang shi ti ji, ping tai xu yao dui zhuang xiu gong si gui mo fu wu ren li kou bei yi ji lao ban de xin yong jin xing yan ge de shen he, ran hou xu yao geng duo zhi du hua de dong xi lai yue shu. san tu ba tu zhi wai, zheng ge hu lian wang jia zhuang hang ye de xian shi zhuang kuang ye zheng zai e hua. hu lian wang zhuang xiu gong si juan kuan" pao lu", dao zhi xiao fei zhe zao shou ju da cai chan sun shi, yi cheng wei 2018 nian shang ban nian xiao fei zhe tou su de yi da re dian, ling wai, jin nian shang ban nian fang wu zhuang xiu lei tou su gong 5591 jian, tong bi zeng jia le 114. zhe shi zhong guo xiao fei zhe xie hui fa bu de shang ban nian quan guo xiao xie zu zhi shou li tou su qing kuang fen xi li de nei rong. ling wai ji zhe huo xi, jin nian yi lai, yi hao jia ju wang ping guo zhuang shi ni ba gong she mei de ni deng, duo jia hu lian wang jia zhuang qi ye chu xian zheng ti jing ying wen ti, ma yi zhu zhai chu xian shi lian zhuang kuang. wai jie kan lai, zhuang xiu hang ye yuan ben jiu shi tou su mi ji de hang ye, tou su shi bi mian bu liao de. zi zhi di shen he he shi gong jian guan zai zhao hui kan lai shi hu lian wang ping tai wu fa jie jue de duan ban, tu ba tu zhi neng jie jue tui guang he ying xiao de bu fen, xiao fei zhe de ti yan shi ping tai wu fa guan kong de. ban sui zhe zhu duo gou bing, cheng li 10 nian de tu ba tu xiang gang jiao suo di jiao le zhao gu shuo ming shu, zhao gu shuo ming shu xian shi, tu ba tu ye wu fen wei xian shang ping tai ye wu he jia zhuang cheng bao ye wu, 2018 nian shang ban nian ying shou 2. 7 yi yuan, jing kui sun wei 6. 36 yi yuan 2017 nian quan nian ying shou 8. 81 yi yuan, jing kui sun wei 11. 13 yi yuan. ye nei zi shen ren shi biao shi, tu ba tu ying li yi zhi shi yi ge wen ti, yin wei guo du yi lai yu xian shang ping tai ye wu, zhi qian ceng chang shi guo jia zhuang cheng bao ye wu ye yi shi bai gao zhong, jia shang xian shang huo ke cheng ben bu duan zou gao, tong shi xiao shou zhuan hua lv zai xia jiang, jiang ci cheng ben kun bang duo xiang fu neng chan pin ti gao fei yong, tai gao le he zuo men kan, jian shao le he zuo shang jia shu liang. ling wai zeng zhi fu wu she ji dao zhong duo xi fen shi chang, xiang ying de dou you hen qiang de jing zheng dui shou. zai tu ba tu de guan li ceng zhong, chuang shi ren wang guo bin wei gong si dong shi zhang jian CEO, wang guo bin di di wang guo chun dan ren gong si zhi xing dong shi, wang guo bin qi zi xie shu ying dan ren gong si fu zong cai. zhe yang de jia zu guan li mo shi zai yi ou zhi ku jia zhuang chan ye fen xi shi jia meng kan lai shi zheng ge jia ju jia zhuang hang ye pu bian cun zai de, zhe shuo ming zhe ge hang ye ben shen jiu fei chang chuan tong. jin qi zai IPO qian xi, tu ba tu jin 20 wei gao guan jie lian li zhi de xiao xi bei mei ti pi lu, yin fa wai jie dui tu ba tu shang ye mo shi he nei bu guan li de zhi yi. tu ba tu zhao gu shuo ming shu xian shi, jie zhi 2018 nian 6 yue 30 ri, tu ba tu xiao shou he ying xiao ren yuan zhan quan bu yuan gong zong shu de 48. 2, yan fa ren yuan zhan bi 14. zhe shuo ming tu ba tu hen da cheng du shang yi lai yu ji chu ying xiao ren yuan de tui guang, yi kao liu liang bian xian, jia meng ren wei, tu ba tu yi zhi mou qiu zhuan xing yi ran shuai bu kai liu liang fan zi de cheng hao, dan shi ru guo liu liang qian yi, tu ba tu hui geng nan guo. zai zhao hui kan lai, tu ba tu li yong zi shen you shi jiang shang xia you zi yuan zheng he, yi ding cheng du shang ti gao le xiao lv. dan shi jia zhuang shi yi ge chun ren gong de hang ye, hu lian wang wu lun ru he shen bu dao mo duan. hu lian wang jia zhuang bu shi liu liang wen ti, er yao hui gui dao jia zhuang ben zhi, luo di fu wu he gong ying lian. shang shu ye nei zi shen ren shi ye biao shi, zhuang xiu hang ye guo du yi lai shou gong zuo ye, chan pin hua cheng du tai di, zhei xie shi gai bian bu liao, ping tai qi ye de nu li zhi neng shi jin shang tian hua. zheng ge hang ye zai mu feng yan li, ping tai ye wu que shi mei you can yu dao jiao fu guo cheng zhong qu, dan yi zhi dou zai shi tu geng shen jie ru. yuan jing hen mei hao, dan xian shi hen can ku, hen duo jia zhuang gong si pao lu, zi jin lian duan lie, zhe shi gong ji ce jie gou xing bian ge de shi chang xing wei, yin wei zheng ge jia zhuang hang ye cun zai da liang de lie zhi chan neng he di xiao chan neng. zhei xie chan neng yan chong ying xiang jia zhuang chan ye lian de fa zhan, ying xiang ke hu de xiao fei ti yan, ye yan chong zhi yue hang ye de xiao neng ti sheng. er jia meng ren wei, ping tai xing qi ye de shou bu ke neng shen na me zhang, yuan ben zhuang xiu gong si zhi shi kan zhong le tu ba tu de liu liang, ru guo dui zhuang xiu gong si qiang jia yue shu ke neng hui wu ji bi fan." mu qian hu lian wang jia zhuang qi ye, dou chu zai shi cuo jie duan." zai tu ba tu bei hou, shi yi ge wan yi ji chan zhi de zhuang shi hang ye. zhong guo jian zhu zhuang shi xie hui fa bu de 2016 nian du zhong guo jian zhu zhuang shi hang ye fa zhan bao gao zhong zhi chu, wo guo jian zhu zhuang xiu zhuang shi hang ye wan cheng gong cheng zong chan zhi 3. 66 wan yi yuan. ju li zhe yi shu ju yi guo qu liang nian, ai mei zi xun fa bu de shu ju xian shi, yu ji 2018 nian jin hu lian wang jia zhuang shi chang gui mo jiu jiang da dao 3441. 9 yi yuan, zeng zhang lv da dao 28. 4. shang shu ye nei zi shen ren shi ren wei, tu ba tu deng hu lian wang jia zhuang qi ye mei ge bu zu 10 yi de nian ying shou, zai zheng ge hang ye mian qian neng zuo de gai bian shi shi fen you xian de. ji zhe jiu shang shu ke hu tou su yi ji jing ying guan li deng wen ti xiang tu ba tu guan fang qiu zheng, ji zhe an dui fang yao qiu jiang cai fang ti gang fa guo qu, jie zhi fa gao, dui fang wei ji yu xiang ying de hui fu. zhao hui ren wei, zheng ge hang ye zhong shang ji zheng fu bu men zhong shi cheng du bu gou, jian guan ren cai que shi, dui jia zhuang hang ye chu tai de zheng ce hen shao, ji shi you ye shi da er hua zhi, wen ti chu xian hou nan yi jin xing you xiao de wen ze. mu feng ye ren wei, zhe ge hang ye que fa xing zhi you xiao de biao zhun, geng duo shi zai kao ze ren he liang xin zuo shi. fu ze ren de ping tai hui chu li ke hu tou su, bing du cu zhuang xiu gong si luo shi dan dui yu shuang fang zhi jian ge zi dou you li de che pi, ye zhi neng xie tiao. ben wen zhuan zi wei xin gong zhong hao: jing ji guan cha bao ID: eeocomcn, zuo zhe: ren hang.

    

    

     *文章为作者独立观点,不代表网立场

     本文由 经济观察报 授权

     网 发表,并经网编辑。转载此文请于文首标明作者姓名,保持文章完整性(包括注及其余作者身份信息),并请附上出处(网)及本页链接。原文链接:

    

    

     未按照规范转载者,保留追究相应责任的权利

    

    

     未来面前,你我还都是孩子,还不去下载 App 猛嗅创新!

当前文章:http://iv27.lkgaojing.cn/3rqnmb5f8/15701-404977-40577.html

发布时间:07:54:21

高鹰生殖中心  山西新闻资讯网  上海热点新闻  湛江新闻  王者归来  水浒传  比贝贝试管  牙齿美容修复  王国血型网  欧巴伊妹儿  奇华顿代孕公司  

{相关文章}

5月14日上海黄金交易所AG(T D)价格3554.00

    上海黄金交易所最新Ag(T+D)(2019年05月14日)参考价格品种乘风破浪100316_高鹰生殖中心最新价开盘价最高价最低价涨跌幅昨收价总成交量更新时间Ag(T+D)3554.003523.003564.003518.000.88%3523.002549402.020致命魅惑总裁你好坏_高鹰生殖中心19-05-14 00:54:11备注:以上价格仅供参考,请以官方价格为准。更多请关注实物天龙八部珍兽换颜丹_高鹰生殖中心金栏目更多请关注国际现货黄金24小时行情图更汕头声屏网今日视线_高鹰生殖中心多请关注国际现货水货客是什么意思_高鹰生殖中心白银24小时行情图

    

    

&nb还珠之则天代皇后_高鹰生殖中心sp;   

     (责任编辑: HX666)

关键词:hitfm粉丝网,caobicao,bbk v207责任编辑:密纯帝开
http://www.bom360.cnhttp://www.bbxianzd.cnhttp://www.yiwaizd.cnhttp://www.mo-card.cnhttp://www.mikemijiu.cnhttp://www.qingdaogreentea.cnhttp://www.harbjinv.cnhttp://www.river-rats.nethttp://www.jn998.comhttp://www.sumixian.cnhttp://www.sunjunjun.cnhttp://www.tujinbao.cnhttp://www.wanlonghao.cnhttp://www.cuoge.cnhttp://www.flhat.cnhttp://www.gslink.cnhttp://www.myyxt.cnhttp://www.orgcy.cnhttp://www.hcwnj.cnhttp://www.sscchh.cnhttp://www.qhwwz.cnhttp://www.qhytp.cnhttp://www.cntngj.cnhttp://www.yzddyq.cnhttp://www.skiguo.cnhttp://www.nperp.cnhttp://www.kakuac.cnhttp://www.mowing.cnhttp://www.tursan.cnhttp://www.shgty.cnhttp://www.sddtt.cnhttp://www.bevcar.cnhttp://www.qhhdtv.cnhttp://www.ayaro.cnhttp://www.meanjs.cnhttp://www.qhqqc.cnhttp://www.abzi.cnhttp://www.agom.cnhttp://www.agocv.cnhttp://jiashuonet.com/2019032511523263733100.htmlhttp://www.12nav.com/plus/img/2019032511060472986163.htmlhttp://www.1736xianghui.com/2019032511053252665386.htmlhttp://bashuweifang.com/plus/img/2019032509524456289761.htmlhttp://sc-huashi.com/2019032511374834164501.htmlhttp://xingbian580.com/zhiwu/2011/1009/2019032511052455913246.htmlhttp://xingbian580.com/zhiwu/2011/1009/2019032511140614440005.htmlhttp://sc-huashi.com/2019032511363294622236.htmlhttp://m.jxzkzs.com/plus/img/2019032614570727737391.htmlhttp://www.0432s.com/data/tag/2019032511052634408741.html